On the sidelines of this year’s G20 Summit, leaders from the US, India, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and the EU unveiled a new ambitious megaproject. With its two branches connecting India and Europe via the Middle East, the India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor (IMEC) can bring about a new era in cross-regional connectivity and economic integration. From the EU’s perspective, the project gels well with its Global Gateway initiative and its desire to regain some of the Union’s waning international influence.
On October 7, Hamas launched a surprise attack on Israel, resulting in more than a thousand deaths. As the world braces itself for a potential regional escalation in the face of Israel’s planned ground operation in Gaza, China’s attitude seems to be moving towards “pro-Palestinian neutrality.”
As the United Arab Emirates and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia compete over regional dominance and pursue their ambition of economic diversification, courting China is likely to assume a center stage in their foreign policy.
As China aims at building upon its previous diplomatic success in the Middle East, achieving normalization between Israel and Palestinians would be a much more difficult task to accomplish.
With the Middle East undergoing significant geopolitical changes, many regional powers, including Israel, are entering a new era of their foreign policy. And as the superpower competition between Washington and Beijing intensifies, particularly in…
With the reconciliation between Iran and Saudi Arabia, China might have paved the way for its more systematized involvement in the region.